Who will receive the vaccine first?
In the week starting Dec 14, 300 GP surgeries will begin administering vaccines to people over 80 years-old, as the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation determined age was the most important factor in Covid-19 deaths.
Age aside, NHS workers and care home residents will be prioritised, followed by health and social care workers and then key workers like first responders and teachers.
Scientists have said only half of those vaccinated could have immunity after a single dose and elderly people should wait until they are fully protected with a second dose after Christmas before hugging relatives.
Dr Simon Clarke, associate professor in cellular microbiology at the University of Reading, said it takes three weeks to get the second jab and another week to develop full immunity.
The bulk of the vaccines will be administered in 2021 using the Oxford/AstraZeneca version to boost supply, according to Business Secretary Alok Sharma.
In a promising development on December 13, Professor Sarah Gilbert of the University of Oxford revealed there is a “pretty high” chance the Oxford vaccine will be rolled out before the end of the year. She shared: “I think the chances are pretty high. But we do need multiple vaccines, all countries need multiple vaccines, the world needs multiple vaccines, and we need vaccines made using different technologies, if that’s possible.”
Read more: How, when and where can I get the jab?