2020-11-03 22:58:47 | What is the Electoral College? How does it work and what is its role in the 2020 US election?


Story by: Telegraph reporters The Telegraph

Electoral College votes

With the Electoral College holding such a grip over the outcome of this presidential battle, both Mr Trump and Biden are, above all, fighting for seats in the College. With 538 electoral votes up for grabs, the presidential candidate needs 270 to steal the majority, and therefore, win the Electoral College vote overall. 

Though the official results of the 2020 election will take days, or even weeks, to confirm by the Electoral College, figures from the election night will start to emerge once the first polls start to close around 7pm EST (12am GMT).

You can track these results on The Telegraph live stream here

Electoral College States

Among the 50 states, there are eight states, known as ‘swing states’, or battleground states, which have the ability to transform the election results. 

The eight swing states are: 

What makes these states so powerful? It comes down to the ‘winner takes all’ system in all states (except Maine and Nebraska), the winning party claims all electoral votes across the entire state. Therefore, for example, if the majority of people vote for the Democrat’s in Florida, the Democrat party will take all 29 electoral votes.

In the 2020 election, Florida, Michigan, North Carolina and Wisconsin are all crucial to the overall outcome, as they were states which only marginally voted for Mr Trump in 2016, and therefore assisted him in his electoral college victory.

Electoral college forecast 2020

Currently, Mr Biden holds a narrow advantage over President Trump across five of the all-important eight swing states. These states are Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, Florida, Arizona and Michigan. The state of Michigan is fundamental to Biden’s victory, as the state has large white suburbs, union members and black voters, and so a loss in Michigan would be detrimental for Biden’s presidency chances.

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At present, there is a 10-poll average which indicates that just over half of Americans intend to back Mr Biden while Mr Trump’s support falls behind by five or six points. 



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Source References: The Telegraph

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